The Layo Tarage Cooperative is located in Uraga district, as a Woreda, or administrative divisions, of Oromia. It is part of the infamous Guji zone, bordered on the south by Odo Shakiso, on the west by the Borena Zone, on the north by the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, and on the east by Bore. The Oromia Regional State has more than 65% of the country’s total coffee growing land.
Coffee is shade grown on one hectare plots of land by approx. 500 members. During the harvest members deliver their coffee cherry to the washing station where it is sorted before being depulped. It is then fermented for 8 – 12 hours underwater, where any remaining mucilage is broken down. Afterwards, coffee is washed in channels, soaked, and dried on raised beds for 10 – 14 days until it reaches an 11% moisture content.
Layo Tarage is a member of Oromia Coffee Farmers Cooperative Union (OCFCU) which is one of the largest coffee unions in Ethiopia and was established on 1st June 1999. OCFU pays 70% of its net profit back to the cooperatives, who in turn pay 70% of these profits to the member farmers. They also provide loans to their members and Layo Teraga has received finance for
improvements such as tiled fermentation tanks and storage sheds at the washing station.
Grades in Ethiopia are grouped into 4 main categories, G1 and G2 being the top two washed grades, and G3 and G4 being the top two natural processed grades.